Interest Rates and Their Impact on Commercial Real Estate

Interest Rates and Their Impact on Commercial Real Estate

Commercial real estate plays a vital role in the economy, and its performance is heavily influenced by interest rates. When interest rates are high, businesses face higher borrowing costs, resulting in slower growth and reduced investments in commercial real estate. This article explores the effects of high commercial real estate interest rates and strategies businesses can use to mitigate these impacts.

Impact of High Rates

High-interest rates can impede business growth and have several adverse effects, including reduced investment in commercial real estate, a decrease in construction projects, a drop in property values, and difficulties in obtaining loans. The higher the interest rates, the higher the borrowing costs, which can lead to a decline in demand from businesses and investors. Businesses seeking to expand or relocate may face challenges securing financing for commercial property, particularly if the loan terms are unfavourable.

High-interest rates can also cause higher vacancy rates and defaults, leading to financial strain for property owners. However, businesses can take several steps to reduce the effects of high-interest rates, such as securing loans with favourable terms, focusing on properties in areas less affected by fluctuations in the real estate market, and working with experienced commercial real estate brokers.

Impact of Low Rates

Low-interest rates are associated with a high demand for money and a limited supply of money. They typically indicate economic booms and low levels of inflationary pressure in the economy, resulting in additional cash on hand for businesses to invest or develop. Lower interest rates make it easier for firms to refinance their debt to extend the terms of repayment.

In summary, businesses can mitigate the effects of high commercial real estate interest rates by locking in low-interest rates through refinancing, increasing revenue to invest in commercial real estate, and working with experienced brokers to navigate the market. Low-interest rates present opportunities for businesses to invest in commercial real estate and extend the repayment terms of their debt.


Inflation is another factor that can erode the true value of rental income and returns from property investments. Commercial real estate is often used as a hedge against inflation, as it is typically less impacted by inflation than other asset classes. Ultimately, predicting economic trends must take into account the complex interplay between interest rates, inflation, supply and demand, and other economic factors.


The current market presents attractive opportunities, which has qualities that investors are keen to pursue despite heightened uncertainty. The relationship between real estate and inflation is complex, but leases with fixed uplifts on rents can offer protection. Over the long term, real estate values tend to keep pace with inflation, attracting investors focused on capital preservation. Repositioning assets to meet changing occupier requirements is an attractive strategy, particularly for those focused on quality buildings in good locations with environmental sustainability credentials. The market is already seeing impacts on pricing and transaction levels, but it’s important not to overreact. This is a return to more normal financial conditions following the ultra-low rates of the Financial Crisis. Though there may be short-term volatility, rates are still forecast to be relatively low in historic terms, and many investors are building up war chests ready to move when they feel conditions are right.

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The sources for the information in this update came in part from Point Acquisitions and Avison Young.

DISCLAIMER: This information is for educational and informational purposes only and should not be considered as investment advice. Any investment decision should be made based on your own research and analysis. You should consult with a financial advisor or other professional to determine what may be best for your individual needs and risk tolerance. We encourage you to do your own research before making any investment decisions. Investing involves risks, including possible loss of principal.

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